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Monday, March 30th, 2020

 

Niger : l’opposant Hama Amadou libéré à la faveur des mesures anti-coronavirus

Publié le 31.03.2020 à 01h18 par APA

Le chef de file de l’opposition nigérienne Hama Amadou, impliqué dans une affaire de « trafic de bébés » et purgeant une peine d’emprisonnement d’un an, a été libéré ce lundi 30 mars 2020, à la faveur d’une mesure prise par le président de la république Issoufou Mahamadou dans le cadre de la lutte contre le coronavirus.Hama Amadou fait partie d’un lot de 1540 détenus dont le président Issoufou avait annoncé la libération dans une adresse à la nation, le 27 mars, pour raison humanitaire mais surtout en vue de désengorger les prisons du pays dont les capacités sont largement dépassées.

L’ancien président de l’Assemblée nationale a donc quitté la prison civile de Filingué, à 180 km de Niamey, où il finissait de purger sa peine, après sa condamnation en mars 2017.

 L’ancien premier ministre  avait passé trois années en France où il avait « trouvé refuge » suite à ses démêlés avec la justice avant de revenir au Niger pour purger sa peine.

Hama Amadou avait été condamné à un an de prison ferme dans l’affaire dite des « Bébés importés » dans laquelle il était cité avec une trentaine d’autres personnes, dont sa propre femme.


More than 15 million children and their families in Yemen, Syria and Gaza set to face COVID-19

Save the Children calls for an easing of restrictions on aid for hard to reach areas

Fewer than 730 ventilators and 950 Intensive Care Unit (ICU) beds are available for more than 15 million children and their families in areas that are hard for aid agencies to reach in Yemen, northern Syria and Gaza – meaning they are critically underequipped to respond to an outbreak of COVID-19, Save the Children is warning.

The Gaza Strip has been under blockade for 13 years, Syria has just entered its tenth year of conflict – with the Northern front currently the most active – and Yemen is in its sixth year of war. Healthcare systems across all three areas have been decimated, in some cases to the point of paralysis, and have minimal do not have nearly enough medical resources to respond to ongoing needs, let alone a global pandemic. As of March 29, Syria had confirmed 9 COVID-19 cases and one death, Gaza 9 cases, and Yemen is yet to declare any.

  • In North West Syria, there are a total of 153 ventilators and 148 beds in ICU, while nearly a million recently displaced people are living in overcrowded areas. In North East Syria, there are fewer than 30 ICU beds, only ten adult ventilators and just one paediatric ventilator.

  • In Gaza, there are 70 ICU beds and 62 ventilators for 2 million people. It is also one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with a high proportion of the population living in refugee camps with limited access to water and other basic services.

  • In Yemen, where only half of the hospitals are still fully functional, there are 700 ICU beds, including 60 for children, and 500 ventilators.

The continued support of humanitarian organisations to people in need is vital to slow the spread of coronavirus in this critical phase, but access to children and their families is often hampered by conflict, movement restrictions and other challenges. Preventive measures such as social distancing and hand washing are difficult if not impossible in overcrowded areas like Gaza and displacement camps in Northern Syria. Water sources are unreliable across all three locations, and shortages can occur daily. In Gaza, 96 percent of the available water is unsuitable for human consumption.

Children in Gaza told Save the Children about their fear. Raafat*, 13, said: ‘What I’m most afraid of is that Gaza is highly populated and doesn’t have enough resources to face the virus.’ Jood, 11, said: ‘This pandemic affects us, because we have to stay home and there is no income for the family.’

In Yemen, Moneer*, 17, from Taiz said: ‘I have heard about Corona. People in my family said that it was very dangerous and we wouldn’t survive it if it came to Yemen. Every day, my mother walks for 15 minutes to the well to fill the container with water and then walks back for another 15 minutes. The water doesn’t look clean, but it is the nearest source for us. We use it for cooking, drinking, and washing. We try to use as little as possible so we don’t have to go fetch it again.’

Jeremy Stoner, Save the Children’s Regional Director, said: ‘In places where medical care is scarcely available, prevention is critical. Yet measures like social distancing are hugely challenging in countries in conflict. If people need to stay two metres apart, for Palestinians living in Gaza to comply with this, the territory would have to be ten times larger than it currently is; for Syrians living in displacement camps, families would need to spread out in numerous tents currently unavailable; and for Yemenis, of whom about 2 million children suffer from acute malnutrition, the priority would be getting food.’

Many children in Gaza, Syria, and Yemen suffer from pre-existing health concerns caused by childhoods consumed with war. They will be malnourished, injured, or will not have been properly vaccinated. The same is true for their parents, many of whom have little or no family support and cannot afford to become ill. It is literally a matter of life and death to support these areas in their efforts to contain a COVID-19 outbreak,’ he added.

Save the Children is calling on the Government of Israel, the Palestinian Authority and the de-facto authorities in Gaza to uphold their international responsibilities by ensuring the right to health is fully provided to children in the West Bank including Jerusalem, and Gaza. Restrictions on humanitarian and medical relief items entering Gaza must be lifted, and people in need of medical care must be afforded access to it.

We are also calling on warring parties in Syria to observe a complete ceasefire in the North West to allow for the full and unhindered access to people in need. In Yemen, all warring parties must fully and truly implement the recently announced ceasefire to help the country prepare for a COVID-19 outbreak. As an aid agency, Save the Children is already facing a slowdown in its response because of closure of international borders, grounding of flights, and new limitations to movements in country. Teams on the ground need to be able to reach people in need with existing humanitarian aid, and distribute for example hygiene products, awareness sessions, sim cards, and cash without any impediments.

*Names have been changed for safety reasons

ENDS

To support Save the Children’s global COVID-19 emergency appeal, click here.

Save the Children launched its Agenda for Action to protect a generation from COVID-19. You can find the full text here.

For more information or spokespeople, please contact:

Joelle Bassoul, Joelle.Bassoul@savethechildren.org / +961 81 600 696

Rik Goverde, Rik.Goverde@savethechildren.org / +44 (0) 7732 602 301

During out of office hours: Media@savethechildren.org.uk / +44 7831 650409


Covid-19: la Mauritanie enregistre son premier décès

Publié le 31.03.2020 à 00h18 par APA

La Mauritanie a enregistré son premier décès d’un malade atteint du virus du Covid-19 ce lundi à Nouakchott, a annoncé le ministre de la Santé, Mohamed Nedhirou Hamed, à la télévision publique.La patiente est une mauritanienne d’origine française arrivée au pays en provenance de France le 16 mars courant et qui se trouvait en confinement par précaution dans l’un des hôtels de Nouakchott, a expliqué le ministre.

Mais à la suite d’un malaise dimanche, la défunte (47 ans) a été transportée aujourd’hui à l’hôpital à bord d’une ambulance où elle a succombé avant de parvenir à destination a précisé le ministre de la Santé.

Le ministre a précisé que les procédures ont été lancées pour déterminer les personnes que la victime a rencontrées à l’aéroport, la désinfection de son lieu de résidence et le traitement funèbre de la dépouille suivant les règles sanitaires en vigueur dans pareil cas.

La Mauritanie avait déjà enregistré jusque-là cinq cas de Covid-19 dont deux sont guéris. Quatre d’entre eux sont des cas importés venus de l’étranger alors que le cinquième est l’épouse de l’un des deux personnes contaminées à Nouakchott.


Communales au Bénin : cinq partis retenus, trois recalés

Publié le 31.03.2020 à 00h18 par APA

La commission électorale nationale autonome (CENA) a rendu publique ce lundi 30 mars, la liste des partis politiques retenus pour participer aux élections communales du 17 mai 2020.Selon le Président de la Cena, Emmanuel Tiando, les Forces cauris pour un Bénin émergent (FCBE), l’Union démocratique pour un Bénin nouveau (UDBN), le Bloc républicain (BR), le Parti du renouveau démocratique (PRD) et l’Union progressiste (UP) sont les 5 partis politiques dont les dossiers de candidature sont en règle pour participer aux prochaines élections communales.

 Le Mouvement des élites engagées pour l’émancipation du Bénin (MOELE-Bénin), la Force cauris pour le développement du Bénin (FCBE) et le Parti pour l’engagement et la relève, quand à eux n’ont pas été retenus en raison entre autres, de « l’absence de pièces dans plusieurs dossiers de candidatures et de l’absence de dossiers pour certains candidats » inscrits sur la liste de ces partis politiques.

 A l’entame du processus électoral, neuf partis politiques avaient déposés leurs dossiers de candidatures. Lors de la  vérification de la complétude des dossiers de candidatures, le Mouvement Populaire de Libération (MPL) a été écarté en raison du dépassement du nombre de dossiers présentés contrairement à ce que prévoit la loi.

 Sur les huit partis politiques restants, cinq viennent de recevoir leur récépissé définitif après examens au fond des dossiers.


We must protect independence of TSC

BENJAMIN SOGOMOBy BENJAMIN SOGOMO
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The 1999 Commission of Enquiry into the Education System in Kenya recommended, albeit indirectly, the disbandment of the Teachers Service Commission (TSC) by distributing its functions among several directorates of the Ministry of Education.

That was the most serious assault on the TSC since its establishment in 1967. However, the report was shelved without implementation. But 20 years later, Education, Science and Technology Cabinet Secretary George Magoha complained to the National Assembly’s Committee on Education last month that he is the only minister in the region with no power over the management of teachers.

REINCARNATION

This sounds like a reincarnation of the 1999 report. To me, the CS would have done well to elaborate how the current position disadvantages teachers and the country. Might it not be the case that the respective bodies that manage teachers in the region are looking up to Kenya as an example worth emulating?

More importantly, Prof Magoha did not disclose how he would add value to teacher management were he to be vested with powers to control the TSC and how he cannot do it now.

Having worked at the TSC headquarters for well over eight years as the deputy and later chief executive officer, I observed the influence of several ministers on the commission on policy and operational issues that were clearly slanted towards the interests of the ministers or sections of teachers and not the TSC or the totality of the body of teachers. Some of these had a major impact on the TSC.

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First, the 1997 salary award to teachers led to a situation where the government realised it was unsustainable only the following year. It ordered a headcount of teachers in 1999 with the hope that many ghost teachers would be flushed out. But the result was disappointing.

And then, an idea was floated that there were more teachers than were required, based on a teacher-to-pupil ratio of 1:30 and 1:40 at the secondary and primary school levels, respectively.

RETRENCHMENT

This led to a decision communicated through the 1999/2000 Budget speech that slightly over 66,000 teachers needed to be retrenched over three financial years.

It is through the efforts of the TSC and a consultant, Dr Ian Halliday, from Scotland, that the commission was able to prove otherwise, citing internationally acceptable staffing norms, and the retrenchment was dropped.

As a trade-off, recruitment was halted for two years and mass transfers of teachers from ‘overstaffed’ to understaffed districts done.

The headcount and the intended retrenchment are, in my view, examples of externally driven solutions to a teacher management challenge without the initial input of the TSC. They were Jogoo House-driven or -supported initiatives.

Secondly, there used to be an arrangement that teachers could be promoted on merit by the Director of Education after being assessed by inspectors of schools.

Over time, this became an avenue of corruption. In some cases, teachers facing disciplinary proceedings at the TSC being promoted. This had devastating effects on the morale of upright teachers.

SEEK FAVOURS

Thirdly, it was common for teachers and their kin to seek favours from the ministers, who would, in turn, instruct the TSC to grant them, often against the Code of Regulations for Teachers. That would disadvantage the teachers who did not have that privilege and fuel the perception that regulations were being circumvented at their behest.

Fourthly, and probably most importantly, before the current independence of TSC was put in place, the commissioners were appointed by the minister. This had major disadvantages. One, some of the appointees were not qualified to hold the positions but there was no vetting. Since 2012, the National Assembly’s education committee or the House itself can question or even reject a nominee for the position of commissioner.

Secondly, commissioners owed their allegiance to the minister and would occasionally wish to do him favours against the provision of the code of regulations.

To guard against such malpractices, TSC’s independence should be protected. One would expect the teachers, through their unions and associations, to take a stand against the proposal by the minister to take control of their management.

The legal status of TSC was arrived at after many years of negotiations by generations of education stakeholders. It is in everyone’s interest to protect its strong structures, which have been developed over more than half a century, from being crushed through egoistic adventures.


War on virus will be won on persuasion, buy-in, not guns

MACHARIA GAITHOBy MACHARIA GAITHO
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After the initial missteps and blunders, the government has done a commendable job in response to the Covid-19 pandemic.

It appears to be on top of the situation in regard to tracking infections, as well as prevention and containment measures and unusual displays of transparency and competence in public communications. But it is also evident that this government is well practised in the fine art of taking two steps forward and one backward.

By now, many Kenyans recognise the mortal threat the global pandemic poses to the nation. This is evidenced by how keenly many have adapted to the simple regime of properly washing hands as frequently as possible.

CONSPIRACY THEORIES

We will always have the usual naysayers blinded by religious claptrap, baseless conspiracy theories, plain ignorance or just reflex distrust of government. However, I believe a majority appreciate the urgent need for drastic measures, beyond voluntary social distancing, to contain the coronavirus.

Despite the economic disruptions hitting particularly hard the majority poor, who live from hand to mouth, the need for a dusk-to-dawn curfew would be widely understood. But instead of using education and persuasion, the government, in typical fashion, responds with brute force.

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The primitive violence meted out on civilians at the Likoni ferry crossing on the first day of the curfew last Friday cannot be justified. Even if the men in uniform were provoked by stone throwers and hecklers, they should have responded with utmost restraint.

In Likoni and elsewhere, security forces brought into disrepute their uniform, training and the ‘disciplined services’ tag. They also undermined public support for the very tough measures that are vital to a successful war against the coronavirus. The heavy-handed martial approach is also evident in the security response to random keyboard warriors who may have posted untruths about the pandemic.

At his daily media briefing on Sunday, Health Cabinet Secretary Mutahi Kagwe wasted precious minutes condemning Dagoretti South MP John Kiarie over a contentious post on Twitter which claimed that 7,000 recent arrivals into the country had been quarantined on the coronavirus watch.

DIVERTED ATTENTION

And as Mr Kagwe diverted his attention from more important business, the fellow politician was reportedly under police interrogation over the false report.

Mr Kiarie did not kill anyone. He did not loot the public coffers dry or carry out an armed bank heist. He did not incite genocidal ethnic conflicts or carry out some deadly terrorist act. He simply told a lie, and there is no evidence that it incited any public unrest or violence.

The same applies to the social media posts by controversial bloggers Robert Alai and Cyprian Nyakundi, who are both facing criminal charges for allegedly spreading falsehoods on Covid-19.

It has never been a crime to tell a lie or to be incorrect. It may be irresponsible, dishonest and even downright stupid but, unless the lie actually results in actual harm to society or individuals, it is not worth the time in police resources already overwhelmed by real crime.

When we focus on Mr Kiarie’s padding of the numbers, we ignore the fact that his contentious tweet had some very important information that the authorities, and all of us, would be foolish to ignore.
Mr Mutahi — otherwise a practised PR and communications professional who has won plaudits since being thrown into the deep end — knows as well as anyone that the MP spoke the truth on an inevitable surge in coronavirus infections and fatalities if projections by experts hold.

VULNERABLE CITIZENS

We can’t wait till infections hit the 100,000 mark before we start building emergency tented and prefab hospitals with adequate ICU units, the all-important ventilators and other equipment. Meanwhile, we are still stuck at shortage of gloves, face masks and hand sanitisers!

We also have to give serious thought to an upgrade of the dusk-to-dawn curfew to a total halt on all but essential movement. That may be the only way to break the infection chain.

But logic and common sense dictates that it cannot be done before necessary interventions to ensure vulnerable citizens are not saved from the coronavirus but then killed by starvation.

These are not issues that the law and order machinery can process. Lies and falsehoods are best fought with truth and superior information, not the ‘khakistocracy’ with guns, teargas and truncheons that so many misguided advocates of the police state pine for.

In the meantime, we must prepare our people for the likelihood that, if we don’t do the right thing today, we will, in a few months, be staring not at 1,000 infections but 1,000 deaths. Daily!


Coronavirus is reminding us to be human

PETER NGAREBy PETER NGARE
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By the time Covid-19 is done with ravaging the world, life will never be the same again. While the disease is devastating human health, the aftermath will have far-reaching impact on our social, economic and political spheres of humanity.

As the famous ancient Roman poet Publius Vergilius Maro aka Virgil said, every calamity is to be overcome by endurance. That is why, as experts have told us, we have to bear with foregoing our freedom to interact socially, move, work, have fun and more if we are to ride over the Covid-19 storm. Nevertheless, every cloud has a silver lining.

SILVER LINING

One of the realities that is dawning on the world since the outbreak of Covid-19 is the frail nature and vulnerability of human life, material possession and luxury.

It is now clear that this disease is no respecter of persons; it ravages the rulers and the downtrodden; business leaders and employees; illiterates and the learned; the First and the Third Worlds….

It is from this indiscriminate nature of Covid-19 that its silver lining is likely to emerge, by reigniting the human consciousness to the fact that we are all one, just separate entities, and hurting and disregarding is exposing humanity and the universe.

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As the great American philosopher and psychologist William James put it, “we are like islands in the sea; separate on the surface but connected in the deep” or “like trees in the forest, which co-mingle their roots in the darkness underground”.

Covid-19 is transmitted by human contact, a phenomenon which exemplifies that we are part and parcel of each other in good and bad times.

And health experts and governments are advocating social distancing in a bid to minimise contact, leading to the lockdown of millions in their homes, which tells us that the actions of each and every person will determine whether the disease spreads or not.

This human interdependency reminds us of the need to shed selfishness and embrace actions that enhance the greater good. It calls on the capitalists who put the interests of self ahead of other people’s to reconsider the pain they have afflicted on masses in pursuit of riches.

They should recall of the people they dispossessed of livelihoods, the peanuts they pay their workers and the bribes they give the authorities to reap billions from natural resources.

‘Private developers’ and land grabbers should flash back to the crooked means they used to evict people so that they could put up grandiose buildings, despite the tears and cries of those they rendered homeless.

It is also time importers of rotten food and fertilisers thought about the diseases they brought upon innocent people, destroying livelihoods.

It is also time the government and those in power reflected on their neglect of mwananchi by failing to improve healthcare, education and physical planning, condemning millions to poverty and destituteness.

As we fight Covid-19, let us not forget the grand lessons that will go a long way in making the world a better place to live in: Where the interest of fellow human beings informs our decisions and actions.

We should not just rue of the lost social bliss and business opportunities but also seek out the brighter side of Covid-19.


Focus on rural areas as you do with cities

EDITORIALBy EDITORIAL
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Every day, the war against the Covid-19 pandemic comes with a different challenge. With borders closed and international flights cancelled, coronavirus spread has gone local.

Its transmission is now community-based. New infections are local and the threat is spreading to the villages. Which is why the strategy to contain its spread has to change.

In the latest count, where the tally has risen to 50, up from 42 at the weekend, a new case was recorded in Kitui. All along, the infections have concentrated in the major cities and the environs, as well as the tourist destinations of the Coast. But the dynamics are changing. The point, therefore, is that attention should be directed towards the rural areas as much as the towns.

RURAL AREAS

New preventive measures have to target rural areas to forestall community transmissions. In this regard, the first line of action is the boda bodas, which is the common means of transport.

Yet, the riders are notorious for disobeying traffic rules, carrying multiple passengers who have to sit tightly close to one another, creating a conducive environment for infection.

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No social distance is observed in such circumstances. Henceforth, boda boda riders have to change and carry a single passenger at a time. They have to maintain social distance and, importantly, put on face masks and other protective gear. Police officers should enforce this rule.

The second line is limiting travel from the urban to rural areas. Health Cabinet Secretary Mutahi Kagwe has made an integral observation.

Our demographics is such that the bulk of the old people live in rural areas. Evidence about coronavirus infection shows that it hits the elderly harder. They are more vulnerable and, therefore, have to be protected from contact with the infected.

Kenyan urban dwellers’ propensity to visit their parents in the villages is legendary as it is social and cultural. Already, there have been reports of people shifting their families to the rural areas, ostensibly to keep them safe. But that is fraught with perils.

PREPAREDNESS

Stopping people from moving to their villages, however, is difficult; it calls for persuasion and convincing.

Thirdly, it is pertinent to establish the level of counties’ preparedness to deal with the pandemic. Testing is not possible out there due to lack of kits and capacity.

Generally, the counties’ health systems are inadequate and inefficient and cannot cope with the fast-spreading virus. Few have isolation wards, let alone ICU beds. Therefore, it is incumbent on the national government to disburse new cash and other resources to beef up health programmes in the counties.

At the same time, the counties should revise their budgets and prioritise medical services.

As we indicated previously, the infection trajectory is upwards. More cases are in the offing as the government continues with tests. Further measures are required to contain the plague.


Floods pose double burden

EDITORIALBy EDITORIAL
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The saying “when it rains, it pours” succinctly captures the current sorry situation in western Kenya as floods wreak havoc once again. It is a double burden for the people in the flood-prone Budalang’i Constituency in Busia County, Nyando in Kisumu and Ugenya and elsewhere in Siaya adjacent to River Nzoia.

Deaths have occurred and homes swept away. The people are in dire need of food, water, mosquito nets and medicines.
Bridges have been washed away and homes, farms, trading centres and schools swamped in a stark reminder that the perennial problem is far from over. And the floods came at a time when the country is struggling to stem the deadly coronavirus pandemic.

The floods will make it even more difficult to maintain that kind of hygiene that is essential in keeping the Covid-19 scourge at bay. Maintaining social distance has been confirmed as a key health safety guideline.

But as the people abandon their flooded homes and move to higher ground, crowding could fuel the spread of the deadly virus. It also becomes difficult for the affected to maintain high levels of hygiene. The authorities are now grappling with ensuring social distancing, sanitation and other health safety measures for the more than 1,000 displaced families.

Health officers, working with the local administration, including village elders and chiefs, now have to do a lot of work to stem the twin grave threat.

This calls for substantive support from the national and county governments and relief organisations to save lives. And when it is finally all over, there will be a huge need for reconstruction to restore the normal lives of the affected people.

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Covid-19 : Une nouvelle organisation du monde s’impose (universitaire marocain)

Publié le 30.03.2020 à 23h18 par APA

Par Hicham Alaoui

La pandémie du Covid-19 aura certainement des conséquences sur les relations internationales, de manière générale, pour la simple raison que ces relations sont basées sur le principe de la mondialisation. Ceci amènera, sans nul doute, à nouvelle organisation du monde.M. Abdelmoughit Benmassoud Tredano, Professeur de science politique et de géopolitique à l’Université Mohammed V de Rabat, a dressé une radioscopie des relations internationales post-Covid-19, ainsi que  les premières leçons de la crise du coronavirus.

Selon lui, la crise  ne fait que commencer avec l’effondrement des bourses, la chute du prix du pétrole, sur un fond de guerre entre les puissances,  et d’autres signaux plus ou moins graves. « Ceci n’est que la partie  visible de l’iceberg », a-t-il estimé.

Ainsi, une nouvelle organisation du monde s’impose. D’abord, au niveau individuel, du groupe et de la nation, l’individualisme est censé s’émousser et la solidarité gagner en profondeur, a-t-il souligné.

De même, la notion de l’unicité de l’humain et de son destin commun doit interpeller l’insouciance d’avant. Ceci implique certainement de repenser l’organisation du monde sur tous les plans, dans le sens  de moins de mondialisation, plus d’Etat-nation et surtout  la réhabilitation de l’Etat providence, a prédit Pr. Tredano, qui fait également fonction de Directeur de la Revue Marocaine des Sciences Politiques et Sociales et Président du Centre de Recherche et d’Etudes en Sciences Sociales (CRESS).

Pour lui, une nouvelle organisation du monde doit être envisagée et de nouveaux modes de production et de répartition de richesses doivent être recherchés et appliqués. Autant dire qu’une remise en cause de la mondialisation est plus qu’impérative voire salutaire.

« Ce n’est pas un luxe mais un choix incontournable et peut-être salvateur. Le choix entre l’extinction de l’humain et sa survie est désormais posé. Ça peut paraître  anxiogène et excessif, mais le chaos est là », a souligné  l’universitaire marocain, qui est l’auteur de nombreux travaux, ouvrages, articles et études portant sur des  questions politiques internes et internationales.

A toute chose malheur est bon. La crise du Covid-19 « peut avoir une vertu celle de permettre à la planète une certaine pause », a-t-il soutenu. Pour lui, ce que le Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) et les écologistes n’ont pas pu imposer aux décideurs politiques économiques  et financiers, la crise liée  à cette  pandémie  est en train, en partie,  de le réaliser.

Apparemment, l’air de la  ville chinoise de Wuhan commence à  être respirable ; et  l’eau des  canaux   de Venise  est semble-t- il,  plus transparente  !!

La pandémie du coronavirus pose de nombreux défis.  L’Europe et le monde découvrent qu’ils dépendent, tous, de la chine et la souveraineté économique ou souveraineté tout court est en cause.

Aussi, une remise en cause de la mondialisation suppose un début de relocalisation et de réindustrialisation, a-t-il expliqué, ajoutant qu’une économie circulaire, écologique solidaire, coopérative et de proximité, doit être réhabilitée.

Et de souligner que l’organisation du monde par groupes régionaux doit être adoptée du fait qu’aucun Etat ne peut se suffire à lui seul, sauf les Etats continents et encore, insistant sur l’impératif d’une solidarité entre les peuples et les Etats, dans des moments de crise planétaires.

La configuration géopolitique mondiale va complètement être chamboulée, a-t-il relevé, rappelant que les signaux relevés depuis, au moins 2003, se précisent ; L’Europe s’effrite, l’Amérique patauge et l’Asie s’affirme.

Faisant observer qu’à la suite de chaque cataclysme géopolitique mondial, il y a nécessité de construire un ordre international nouveau, Pr. Tredano a estimé que l’idée de la coexistence des puissances régionales et internationales est une piste et un gage de garantie devant éviter la domination des puissants.

« La coopération internationale doit être effective et non pas seulement comme un slogan qu’on agite dans tous les forums internationaux et ce pour pouvoir affronter efficacement des situations de crise telle que celle que nous vivons actuellement. Désormais, tout est mondial ! », a-t-il souligné. En attendant une « démondialisation », enchaîne-t-il.

Et de conclure que la culture de la paix et de tolérance doit s’installer. « Ce n’est pas pour sacrifier à une mode, mais elle doit relever des conditions fondamentales et incontournables de vie collective des peuples et des États dans un monde difficile et complexe. Tout cela suppose une nouvelle organisation du monde », a-t-il fait observer dans son analysée, livrée à APA.