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Thursday, January 16th, 2020

 

Nouvelles déclarations embarrassantes pour Trump, jugé dans l’affaire ukrainienne

Publié le 16.01.2020 à 23h50 par AFP

Donald Trump et d’autres responsables républicains accusés de tout savoir des pressions exercées sur l’Ukraine: les révélations d’un associé de Rudy Giuliani, l’avocat personnel du président américain, confortent le dossier d’accusation à l’ouverture de son procès en destitution jeudi.

Dans une interview mercredi soir à la chaîne MSNBC, Lev Parnas, homme d’affaires d’origine ukrainienne inculpé en octobre pour violation des lois sur le financement des campagnes électorales, a affirmé que le président savait tout des efforts que M. Parnas menait auprès des autorités ukrainiennes, avec un autre associé Igor Fruman, pour qu’elles compromettent Joe Biden, ex-vice président démocrate et candidat à la présidentielle 2020.

« Le président Trump savait exactement ce qui se passait, il était au courant de mes déplacements, je ne faisais rien sans le consentement de M. Giuliani ou du président », a notamment affirmé cet homme de 47 ans, son avocat à ses côtés, dans un revirement spectaculaire contre M. Giuliani et M. Trump.

M. Parnas a aussi certifié que M. Trump « avait menti » en affirmant ne pas le connaître.

« Nous n’étions pas amis (…) mais il savait exactement qui nous étions et en particulier qui j’étais, car j’ai interagi avec lui à de nombreuses reprises. »

M. Trump a néanmoins répété jeudi qu’il ne connaissait pas M. Parnas.

« Je ne le connais pas, je ne crois pas lui avoir déjà parlé », a indiqué le président américain depuis la Maison Blanche, en reconnaissant que des photos avaient néanmoins pu être prises des deux hommes.

M. Parnas a aussi affirmé qu’il avait toujours été clair que ces pressions sur l’Ukraine étaient « entièrement » destinées à saper les chances de Joe Biden, et non pas à lutter contre la corruption, le principal argument de Donald Trump.

– Surveillance illégale? –

Dans d’autres entretiens au New York Times et à CNN, M. Parnas a assuré que plusieurs responsables républicains étaient au courant de ces pressions, traçant un cercle impliquant largement l’entourage du président.

M. Parnas a notamment impliqué le ministre de la Justice William Barr, l’élu californien Devin Nunes, numéro 2 de la commission du renseignement de la Chambre des représentants, et deux autres personnes liées au financement de la campagne de réélection de M. Trump.

M. Parnas a fait ces déclarations alors que les démocrates du Congrès rendaient publics des documents – photos, SMS – semblant étayer les pressions menées sur les autorités ukrainiennes, ainsi que les efforts de M. Giuliani et M. Parnas pour faire limoger l’ambassadrice américaine à Kiev Marie Yovanovitch, jugée anti-Trump.

Des messages échangés entre M. Parnas et un candidat républicain à la Chambre des représentants, Robert Hyde, portent ainsi à croire que ce dernier communiquait avec des gens en Ukraine qui surveillaient les allers et venues de l’ambassadrice en mars, soit peu avant son rappel de Kiev en mai.

M. Parnas a assuré qu’il ne fallait pas prendre au sérieux ces messages, balayant l’idée que la diplomate, qui avait livré un vibrant témoignage télévisé au Congrès mi-novembre, ait pu être surveillée.

Mais l’Ukraine a annoncé jeudi ouvrir une enquête, et le FBI s’est rendu jeudi au domicile de M. Hyde, selon une source anonyme citée par CNN.

Ces informations ont conforté ceux qui accusent M. Trump d’avoir importé des méthodes mafieuses à la Maison Blanche.

Une ex-procureure fédérale new-yorkaise, Mimi Rocah, a tweeté que ces messages suggéraient qu’ »un coup mafieux » se préparait contre Mme Yovanovitch.

M. Parnas, aujourd’hui citoyen américain, a plaidé non coupable aux chefs d’accusation retenus contre lui, pour lesquels il encourt 20 ans de prison.

Désormais prêt à coopérer avec les enquêteurs, il a déclaré au New York Times « regretter avoir fait trop confiance » à M. Giuliani et M. Trump.

« Je croyais agir en patriote et aider le président », a-t-il ajouté.

Avec Igor Fruman, ils sont accusés d’avoir dissimulé l’origine étrangère de plus de dons octroyés en 2018 à des campagnes électorales, notamment l’origine de 325.000 dollars versés pour la campagne de réélection de Donald Trump en mai 2018.

Avant son arrestation le 9 octobre, alors qu’il s’apprêtait à quitter les Etats-Unis, M. Parnas était déjà dans le collimateur des démocrates du Congrès qui l’avaient convoqué pour témoigner: son nom était revenu dans l’enquête sur le coup de téléphone controversé dans lequel Donald Trump demandait fin juillet au président ukrainien Volodymyr Zelensky de « se pencher » sur Joe Biden et d’entrer en contact avec Rudy Giuliani.


Action security plan to make country safe

EDITORIALBy EDITORIAL
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Insecurity remains a major threat to the country’s stability.

A series of terrorist attacks in the past few weeks illustrates our vulnerability and, consequently, the imperative to step up security and assure safety for all.

And other forms of insecurity obtain, including shootings, thefts, muggings and break-ins. Kenya’s borders are porous while too many guns are in the wrong hands.

High levels of unemployment and hard economic conditions, among others, have combined to create a pool of dangerous gangs.

This provides the background on which Interior Cabinet Secretary Fred Matiang’i issued a 10-point agenda to deal with insecurity and other threats.

Significantly, Dr Matiang’i issued the plan in Mombasa, a region that has witnessed repeated cases of terrorist attacks and violence by local organised criminal gangs.

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INSUFFICIENT RESOURCES

In the directives, the government undertakes to intensify surveillance to pre-empt terror attacks and other forms of raids.

But this is not a novelty. As argued here before, constant checks and stakeouts are the surest tactics to avert violence.

But surveillance presupposes that the government provides adequate resources – personnel, equipment and cash – to support such operations.

Often, however, the security teams are handicapped by scarce resources, rendering them unable to carry out spot checks and respond quickly and competently to incursions.

Worse, police lack modern technology and equipment to deal with new forms of crime, including cybercrime. Matters are compounded by the fact the police are not well trained to deal with such threats.

Referring specifically to the war on terror, the government makes an undertaking to not only deal with the perpetrators but also their accomplices, especially those who harbour the gangs and finance or otherwise support their heinous activities.

FIREARM DISARMAMENT

And this is where the provincial administration has to take charge; identify and flush out suspected gangsters and their collaborators.

And officials have to coordinate activities such as registration of persons, issuance of birth certificates and national identity cards because, away from the inherent corrupt deals, those provide avenues through which foreigners and criminals acquire vital documents to mask their identity as they plan criminal activities.

Another directive was on gun licensing, which is suspended until July to enable the government mop up all illegal firearms.

This directive came into effect last year and, although some progress was made, many firearms are still in the hands of criminals. A crackdown on illegal possession of firearms is crucial.

Sound as the directives may be, however, the challenge is execution. The onus is on Dr Matiang’i, the security agencies and provincial administration to shift from pronouncements to action.


Fix estate access roads, too

EDITORIALBy EDITORIAL
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The past four days have seen what started as a small protest over the appalling condition of roads in Nairobi’s eastern outskirts turn ugly.

One person has been confirmed killed in running battles between local residents and the police. The conflict has also left a trail of destruction in its wake.

What the residents of Kasarani are complaining about is not peculiar to their neighbourhood.

Paying a heavy price are commuters, who now have to trek several kilometres to catch matatus from other places as the local operators insist that the Kasarani-Mwiki road must be fixed before they resume operations.

The matatu owners are investors who pay taxes like the rest and deserve services and amenities. The badly damaged roads mean that their incomes are spent on vehicle repairs.

It is encouraging, therefore, that following Nairobi Senator Johnson Sakaja’s intervention, the repair of this key road began yesterday.

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He had to convene a meeting of representatives of the Kenya Urban Roads Authority, matatu saccos and the city county roads department.

The State has released Sh300 million for the works.

It is a shame that the people must resort to such desperate actions to get the authorities to do their bit.

Only the other day, President Uhuru Kenyatta reiterated his commitment to creating an enabling environment for small-scale enterprises to thrive.

This is important in the overall government efforts to fight poverty and create jobs through the small-scale businesses, including public transport sub-sector saccos and individual investors.

While the government has done a commendable job in building major roads, including beautiful bypasses in all the major towns, access roads in the residential areas have been badly neglected. These roads should be fixed as well.


To curtail violence MDF seize lorries transporting HRDC supporters, protestors walk home

Lilongwe, January 16, 2020: Security was tight and vehicles were searched as police confiscated crude weapons of catapults, stones, panga knives and axes. Every vehicle going into Lilongwe was thoroughly searched.

Fourteen lorries impounded have been locked up at Kamuzu Barracks. They were found to be not road worthy and carrying people without permission.

The police and Malawi Defence Force had mounted road blocks at strategic places in Lilongwe where every passing vehicle was searched. Such strategic places included Kanengo, Africa Bible College and Njewa on Lilongwe-Mchinji Road.

HRDC Chairperson Timothy Mtambo and his Msundwe team went back home literally walking as their vehicles were impounded and parked at Kamuzu Barracks in Lilongwe.
In Blantyre, a vehicle belonging to HRDC caught fire forcing officials to walk back home.

The protests were poorly patronized in all the three cities. The organizers had imagined three million marchers but it was only a handful protestors that turned up.

The demonstrations were organized to force the Anti Corruption Bureau to disclose names of people said to have approached two judges in the presidential case with bribes.

Last week Thursday, HRDC was attacked for using minors in its anti-government demonstrations. Police arrested 13 minors in last week’s protests with the majority coming from Lilongwe.

The post To curtail violence MDF seize lorries transporting HRDC supporters, protestors walk home appeared first on The Maravi Post.


La grande actrice égyptienne Magda Sabahi passe l’arme à gauche

Publié le 16.01.2020 à 22h18 par APA

La grande actrice Magda Sadaha, l’une des étoiles les plus fameuses du cinéma égyptien, s’est éteinte, jeudi, à l’âge de 89 ans des suites d’une longue maladie, a annoncé sa famille.Par Mohamed Fayed

Née en 1931 à Tanta, Magda a commencé sa carrière artistique à l’âge de 15 ans, mais ses véritables débuts dans le monde du cinéma remonte à 1949 dans le film « El Naseh », réalisé par Seif Eddine Shawkat.

Son équilibre artistique dépasse  60 films cinématographiques, dont certains sont tirés d’œuvres littéraires telles que « Le Mirage » sur une histoire de Naguib Mahfouz, « Nez et trois yeux » sur une histoire d’Ihsan Abdul Quddus et « L’homme qui a perdu son ombre » sur l’histoire de Fathi Ghanem.

L’artiste a ensuite fondé sa propre société de production cinématographique où elle a produit des films célèbres, notamment « Jamila » et « Hegret El Rasoul » et a représenté l’Égypte dans de nombreux festivals internationaux et de semaines cinématographiques internationales.

En 1995, Magda a été élue présidente de la « Egyptian Women in Film Association » et a remporté de nombreux prix aux festivals de Damas, de Berlin et de Venise.

Elle a remporté le «Nile Award» dans le domaine des arts en 2016, qui est le prix égyptien le plus élevé, et a été honoré par l’État le jour de l’art en 2014.


Challenges and object lessons in reporting the invasion of locusts

PETER MWAURABy PETER MWAURA
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In the book of Exodus 10:12-19, it is reported that the Lord told Moses to stretch out his hand over Egypt so that locusts swarm over the land and devour everything growing in the fields.

“So Moses stretched out his staff over Egypt, and the Lord made an east wind blow across the land all that day and all that night. By morning the wind had brought the locusts; they invaded all Egypt and settled down in every area of the country in great numbers.”

The Holy Bible says the locusts covered all the ground until it was black and devoured everything growing in the fields and the fruit on the trees.

Later, the Lord decided to take away the plague. “And the Lord changed the wind to a very strong west wind, which caught up the locusts and carried them into the Red Sea. Not a locust was left anywhere in Egypt.”

Of all locust invasions, this is the easiest to report and explain. It is attributed to a divine agency.

It does not follow the usual laws of nature and scientific explanation. No hard questions are asked.

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EXTENSIVE COVERAGE

The same cannot be said of the reporting of the invasion of desert locusts and outbreaks of grasshoppers in northeastern Kenya, however.

The desert locusts are said to have originated from Ethiopia and Somalia. Reporting and explaining the invasion is challenging and daunting and a real test of knowledge and journalistic skills.

There is no simple and divine explanation of such swarms of locusts.

The media, including NMG, play a vital role in informing the public accurately about the invasions. And NMG has played a commendable role in that aspect.

It has so far published more than 20 stories, running into more than 12,000 published words and dozens of pictures.

A team of 21 reporters and writers have been deployed. In their coverage, they have talked to farmers, officials, politicians and entomologists and consulted the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations.

The extensive coverage has been commended by readers.

HOLDING STATE TO ACCOUNT

Moses Mugendi, a physical/urban planner and small-scale farmer in Mbeere, Embu County, says he has keenly followed the coverage as the invasion affects him directly.

“I am an ardent follower of NTV and reader of the Daily Nation and I like the quality of the investigative and topical features — including exposés, which are usually done with a high level of professionalism.

I also love the way NMG builds pressure on the government on issues that affect the citizenry by consistently airing them until intervention is made.”

But he says although the coverage has been consistent, reporters have not accurately identified some of the insects.

“I have noted erroneous reporting as desert locusts of the swarms of Horse Lubber grasshopper species (Taeniopoda eques) spotted in Kirinyaga and parts of Isiolo. Kindly note that the image used in the article (on Kirinyaga) is that of the Lubbers.” The article, “Locusts spotted in Kirinyaga village,” (Daily Nation, January 13) talked of “desert locusts”.

QUALITY REPORTING

Mr Mugendi says in Mbeere, where the Horse Lubber grasshoppers swarm after heavy rains, those locusts are locally known as mburi murengi (as they swarm and feed like goats).

“They are heavy feeders and capitalise on euphoria (kariaria) and other tree species with milky sap or fleshy leaves.”

The NMG coverage is instructive. Its object lessons, so far, are summed up in the front-page story, “Kenya pays dearly for failure to act on locust warning”, by Isaiah Esipisu, published in the Daily Nation of Wednesday.

It quotes Dr Eston Mutitu, an entomologist, saying that the Ministry of Agriculture failed to act on the early warning of a possible locust invasion given by the FAO.

In the same issue, an article titled “Poor, slow response to invasion worrying” by Aggrey Omboki criticises the Kenyan leadership for the casual away in which it had reacted to the invasion.

Thanks to the Nation Team. Without the saturation coverage by NMG the object lessons might well have been lost.


Make violence against women history in 2020

UDGOON SIYAD By UDGOON SIYAD
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Successful women usually come under attack, and online attack is the latest weapon unleashed on them.

Recently, a “manufactured” sexual photograph of a young woman from Garissa County who has declared her interest in the Woman Representative seat went viral on social media.

A few months ago, a fake sex tape of a popular Woman Rep was shared on social media.

The incidents occurred in the wake of Kenya joining South Africa, Nigeria and Tanzania in enacting a cyber law to combat increased reports of online bullying of women.

In May 2018, President Uhuru Kenyatta signed the Computer Misuse and Cybercrimes Act 2018. Previously, violence against women meant rape or battery but now it occurs online.

Emerging online crime is threatening hitherto safe and secure spaces, reducing women’s ability to use the internet for empowerment or development. Cybercrime affects women differently from the way it affects men.

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THREATS HINDER PARTICIPATION

Communications Authority of Kenya (CA) statistics show there are more than 50 million internet users in the country.

While the growth of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and social media use have been seen as positive for a country lagging behind in development, cyberbullying has caused nightmares for women, the majority of the victims.

The National Assembly has enacted, revised or is working on legislation targeting technology-related violence such as cyber espionage, revenge pornography, pornography and false information.

With many cultures placing much emphasis on female chastity, cyberbullying — a growing form of gender-based violence — is a serious threat to women.

Its sharp rise and normalisation has made internet use a gendered issue. Social networks such as Facebook, Instagram, SnapChat and Twitter are the most common places for online bullying.

A baseline report by Kenya ICT Action Network (Kictanet) on the challenges Kenyan women face on the internet says online harassment hinders their full participation.

STARTING POINT

It lists non-consensual distribution of intimate images, sexual harassment, stalking, hate and offensive comments as the most prominent violations.

Women’s online sexual harassment, surveillance, unauthorised use and manipulation of personal information, including leaked images and videos, are a prominent in the Kenyan cyberspace.

It takes subtle and blatant sexist or misogynistic approaches that often develop into physical or sexual threats.

This is the general trend across Africa. A 2016 study by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) indicated that online societies judge women politicians more harshly than they do the male ones.

On social media, women politicians were on the receiving end of sexist comments with their appearance and marital status often being the subject of discussion in gauging their ‘fitness’ for public office.

To curb cybercrime, the government needs to recognise technology-based violence as an issue of national importance.

PROMOTE AWARENESS

There is also a need to unify the disparate voices working on these issues and lobby together.

Make internet service providers and intermediaries responsible and have them proactively pull down content, as they do with child pornography.

There is also a need to educate women and girls on how to protect themselves online and to create awareness of the types of threat women face on the internet.


More UK investments boon to Kenyans

JANE MARRIOTBy JANE MARRIOT
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On Monday, the United Kingdom government will host the first UK-Africa Investment Summit, where government and business leaders, as well as innovators, entrepreneurs and investors, will discuss investment opportunities and partnerships in Africa.

The London event has attracted 16 African leaders from the continent’s biggest economies, including Kenya.

With an estimated one million Kenyans entering the workforce every year, increased private sector investment into Kenya will make a real difference; it means more jobs and opportunities for Kenyans.

During my first few months here, I have had the privilege of meeting with young Kenyans from across the country.

These ambitious young people — the face of the next generation — speak to me about their hopes for the future of their country. And more jobs are integral to them achieving their goals.

SOCIAL IMPACT POLICIES

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More than 200 British businesses are already operating in Kenya. They are creating quality jobs – an estimated one in 10 Kenyans employed in the formal sector works for a British company.

They are also developing Kenyan talent, matching strong performance with new opportunities.

Through their social impact policies, British companies are also giving back to their communities, supporting teacher training, providing wholesome school meals, nurse training and water provision.

They are also working hard to minimise their impact on the environment.

For instance, EABL has invested Sh22 billion in a plan to shift to renewable energy at their brewery in Kisumu; while Unilever produces 70 per cent of the power they use on site at their tea plantation in Kericho through a combination of solar and hydropower.

FINANCIAL GATEWAY

I am committed to supporting the flow of more high-quality British investment into Kenya. More British businesses are setting up here every year, and the summit will help the number to grow.

But the summit is not just about showcasing Kenya and encouraging more British businesses to invest in Africa.

It is also an opportunity to build partnerships and generate more private sector investment into Kenyan companies at various stages of growth.

The UK has a lot to offer ambitious African firms and a strong reputation for quality, integrity and reliability.

Home to the world’s major investors, regulators, innovators and multinational businesses, the City of London is the global financial gateway for investment and expertise.

Greater engagement and investment from the city could be transformative; the summit will connect businesses and investors, building future partnerships.

POLITICAL GOODWILL

Realising the ambition behind the summit — an enhanced investment relationship between the UK and African nations — also requires commitment and action by governments.

The UK government is working in partnership with Kenya to create the right business environment for increased investment — including in support of the ‘Big Four Agenda’.

UK’s Trademark East Africa programme has supported the development of more efficient and higher-quality roads and ports, making it easier to move goods around the region.

Also, our 10-year Invest Africa programme is working to generate more foreign direct investment (FDI) into the manufacturing sector, to create jobs in growth areas such as garment factories and raise billions in new manufacturing investment.

Through our Sustainable Urban Economic Development programme, we are also working with the national and county governments to create the right conditions for increased investment into 19 cities across Kenya.

FOREIGN INVESTMENT

We are also supporting entrepreneurs and innovators to grow their companies and become investor-ready.

Through our UKAid programmes, we are supporting research and innovation, helping entrepreneurs to take their businesses to the next level, and supporting an ecosystem here which gains strength from diversity and partnerships, enables scale-up of good business ideas and attracts investment.

Monday’s summit is a milestone for UK-Kenya relations and an example of the modern strategic partnership between us.

We believe a strong, diverse private sector is key to unlocking Kenya’s economic potential and creating the jobs and opportunities Kenyans want.

When we take some of Kenya’s brightest and best entrepreneurs to London, they will get an opportunity to showcase how they are developing local solutions for local challenges.

Foreign investment will help to realise that vision, and we commit to working with Kenya to attract it.

Ms Marriott is the British High Commissioner to Kenya. @JaneMarriott


Intern teachers should first have a taste of both worlds before

By ODHIAMBO KAUMAH

Before ultimately submitting to the unavoidable fangs of time that only gnawed his brawn but not zeal for teaching, Mathews Abuto had served in almost 20 stations.

The ‘field marshal’ of Kenya Science, as he referred to himself, did not only value his depth in biology but much more — the experiential knowledge of teaching it to all manner of students.

There could be many others but, ask me, it is Mr Abuto who understood the nexus between inter-school teacher mobility and teacher quality.

And in principle, and not circumstances, he traversed the wide gap between modern-day national schools and sub-county schools to give students their due.

There is no publicly available current data or study on inter-school teacher mobility in Kenya.

DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES

But from my observations, most teachers today prefer to establish themselves in their initial or second station.

The most common ideology is that teachers are looking for stations to ‘settle’. The reasons for this ‘settlement’ vary but often far from teaching.

The long wait for a TSC job and the cruel treatment of the BoM teacher by some school managers is utterly exhausting.

By the moment they are ‘permanently’ employed, they just want to ‘sit down and relax’.

And most of them relax for far too long, transforming into know-it-all seniors, canteen managers and homeowners in those institutions.

In Sessional Paper No. 1 of 2019, which outlined the policy framework for reforming education, the Ministry of Education admits that there is no clear teacher professional development strategies.

It is often left in the hands of individual teachers of varying socio-economic conditions.

MOBILITY AND QUALITY

Consequently, the long stay in one station produces teachers with a single story about our education system.

Those lucky to be posted in well-established national and extra-country schools bathe in the abundance of resources and sing the glory of top performers; while their counterparts suffer the shame in underprivileged stations. Others, frustrated, literally mind their own business(es).

Bridging these inequalities, or inequities, is a lifetime goal, but we can start by reducing teacher quality.

A 2011 study by Feng and Sass on the connection between teacher quality and mobility in Florida concluded that efficiently managed teacher mobility increases teacher quality.

The only danger, and which is the obvious case in our system, is the likelihood that sub-county teachers may lose their best to national and extra-county schools. They always do, anyway.

FULL EXPERIENCE

The paid teacher intern programme is, no doubt, a leap towards equalising the financial experiences and addressing the huge shortage.

And it can be made even better by ensuring that, within a year of internship, the teacher has the experience (and privilege) of both the apex and the tail of Kenyan school categories.

They should be posted to at least two completely different stations for some time before they ‘settle.’


Fate of Sh200bn Kitui dam to be decided Friday

KITAVI MUTUABy KITAVI MUTUA
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The fate of the Sh200 billion High Grand Falls dam will be known today when the High Court delivers a ruling on whether the project is to be rolled out.

High Court Judge John Mativo is expected to issue a decision on the dispute surrounding the proposed multipurpose facility.

The row on the planned project in Kitui and Tharaka-Nithi counties had been heard and determined by the Public Procurement Administrative Review Board (PPARB) for a record five times before spilling to the corridors of justice.

It arose after the National Irrigation Board declined to award the contract to the bidder who won the tender competitively, despite numerous orders by the PPARB.

NIB claimed the procurement review board was biased while handling the tender case on the bid won by a consortium of British and Turkish firms – GBM and ERG Consortium.

The ruling comes two days after President Uhuru Kenyatta made changes in the government, sacking Agriculture Cabinet Secretary Mwangi Kiunjuri, who supervised the tendering process.

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Three months ago, President Kenyatta moved the irrigation department from Mr Kiunjuri’s then Agriculture docket to the Ministry of Water, in apparent intervention to save the Vision 2030 flagship project.

According to suit papers seen by the Nation, NIB wanted the court to overturn several rulings made by the PPARB, including the last one on March 21 where it was ordered to evaluate and award the contract to the London-based bidder within 14 days.

“NIB believes the decision of PPARB is tainted with bias, illegality, irrationality, lack of logic and is ultra vires to the provisions of the Procurement and Asset Disposal Act and all other relevant provisions of the law,” read an affidavit sworn by NIB general manager Gitonga Mugambi.

The judicial review matter is significant because it sets a precedent where a government procuring entity disagrees with the body mandated by law to determine tendering disputes and takes the fight to the High court.

However, during the case hearings, the Attorney General strongly defended the Public Procurement Administrative Review Board over its handling of the tendering dispute, arguing the case undermined PPARB’s authority and mandate.